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Note: The article is based on the Bilal Zubairi’s Book. Research work is under process and soon there will be more data about the history of chiniot.
Chiniot has faced the periods of thousands years. And the story of the name of Chiniot that is linked with the name of the Rani Chandan is absolutely wrong. It is wrong that it was called “Chandan Vet” or “Chandaot” on behalf of Rani’s name because the Period of the Rani, who was the sister of Machi Khan, was of Temour, whereas Chiniot was existed as a city in B.C.
The description about Chiniot is found in the famous book of sanskrit, “Ramine of Bal Make” of 1923 Dharmic Society of Dehli. On its 676 page we see some details about Chiniot, which is written as Chani Vet. We also find some details of Chiniot in the history of Al-Brunei. He has written that in Chani Vet commonly called as Ajhan, was a famous school of Hindus where a special arrangement for religious studies was made. With these details, two things become clear;The name of the town was Chani Vet and the name of the school was Ajhan. Now the point is whether the word ‘Chani Vet’ belongs to snsikrat language or to some other language. According to the research of Pandit Laxmi Narine, Ajhan was existed on the other side of the River Chenab where is now Chanab Nagar (Rabwa), and a little town Cahni Vet was on the other side, but in the shape of mound. With the help of such details, we can say that there had been a town with the name of Chani Vet for several years and the school was too. But later on, this town destroyed and rebuilt after a long time. In such a way, the history of this town hid under the layers of past and disappeared in the passage of past. A regular and authentic history of this city starts with the age of Maurine Family.
In 326 B.C., history saved the details about a man called Chenek and who belonged to Chiniot. He was very bold and brave. He was also a very noble member of his tribe. So he succeeded to get access in the court of ‘Chander Gupt’ and this man proved as a loyal minister of Chander Gupt Moria. He got built many schools and mandirs. It was his age when Alexander made an assault and the whole area of Chiniot and Pindi Bhattian went in the custody of Greeks. Alexander himself did not reach here but his soldiers encamped here. The local leaders and the members of the family of Chander Gupt were to face the lost. But after two years, they regained their power and forced the Greeks to run away and again established their government. This government remained in power till 30 years B.C. In the same year, some Greeks who belonged to Bekrene Family had been living in the provinces of Lahore and Multan after exile, organized their martial power, attacked and took Chiniot and suburbs in their custody. This family ruled for some years but Chander Gupt Family started a war. In this war, the leader of Bekrene Family was killed and government of Chiniot transferred to Chander Gupt Family and remained ruler till 471 A.D.
In 471 A.D. a tribe, Whit Huns belonged to Portugal came here for trade, made an organized rebellion and took over different areas including Pindi Bhattian, Chiniot , Bhakkar, Layya, Jhang and Multan after beating the local leaders. This tribe killed the people and looted the local people. This tribe ruled over these regions by force till 550 A.D. In the same year, a person, Chander belonged to the family of Maharaja Bekriya Jeet provided army and a fought a battle against Europeans and got over all the cities and towns after beating them. Chander was killed in this war. A mandir was built as his memoir in Chiniot that was demolished in the period of Aurangzaib Aalam Geer and a strong castle was built in the same place.
After the death of Chander, Herman Roy ruled over Chiniot till 631 A.D. In 632 A.D., a Brahman Chuch brought about the end of the government of Herman Roy and ruled over a large area from Sindh to Kashmir. At that time, Sindh was spread upto Pindi Bhattian. After his death, his brother Chander became the ruler. He was the follower of Buddhism. During his reign, Buddhism was preached in northern Punjab. After the death of Chander, Dahir who was the son late Chuch, became the ruler and was defeated by Muhammad bin Qasim. And near about in 716 A.D. Muslims started to visit Chiniot. First Muslim ruler of Chiniot was Dawood Tai, who remained ruler only for two years and died. History could not save the names of rulers who succeeded him. The people who belonged to Ismaeeli sect preached here for their religion and gave it strength but Muhammad Ghori defeated and they were exiled. Sasani Kings ruled over till 970 A.D. then Elegstene occupied and Chiniot became a part of his state. In 976 A.D. Subuktagene became the king and he waas defeated in 980 A.D. by Raja Jai Pall. In the same year, Subuktagene with the help of Sheikh Hamid Lodhi who was the ruler of Multan, defeated Raja jai Pall .Raja Jai Pall agreed for peace on the very terms that he would handed over the region near River Chenab.( ccoding to Jhang Gazier of 1929 A.D., Tas-e-Chenab is used for Chiniot because on its both sides Kerana Bar and Sandle Bar are resent.) But after two years, the leaders of karamtia Sect destroyed this region.